There are several EV choices available to suit a variety of budgets, driving habits, and tastes. Innovation brings about new models each year. The prohibition of new petrol and diesel vehicle sales, due to hit many European countries by 2030, will mean many more new EV options.
Different types of electric vehicles
Electric vehicles come in all shapes and sizes, making it easy to find one that’s perfect for you. Fully-electric vehicles produce no tailpipe emissions, so they are the cleanest option available. Driving an electric vehicle also helps you save money on fuel costs, as electricity is generally cheaper than petrol or diesel. So, what’s the best type of electric vehicle for you?
It depends on your needs and preferences. There are three main types of electric vehicles: Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs), Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) and Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs).
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs)
Battery Electric Vehicles (BEVs) run purely on electricity. They have a rechargeable battery that powers an electric motor, and there is no petrol or diesel engine. BEVs are the simplest and cleanest type of electric vehicle to drive. They also have a regenerative braking system that improves efficiency and range, making it perfect for daily commutes.
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs)
Plug-in Hybrid Electric Vehicles (PHEVs) are a type of hybrid vehicle that have both an electric motor and a petrol or diesel engine. The electric motor is powered by a battery, which can be charged from the grid. PHEVs are perfect for longer trips, as they can also use the petrol or diesel engine to power the car when the battery runs out.
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)
Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) are powered by fuel cells that are best described as batteries that don’t run flat. They use hydrogen to create electricity. Highly compressed hydrogen is fused with oxygen creating a catalytic reaction that powers the vehicle, and emits only water as a by-product. FCEVs have a much longer range than other types of electric vehicles and can be refueled in minutes. However, the infrastructure for hydrogen fuel cells is still being developed, so FCEVs are not yet as widely available as other types of electric vehicles.